【Event summary】Global Nitrous Oxide Budget 2020’s Press & Public Event in Japan

Simplified Global Nitrous Oxide Budget Figure<br />Source: Global Carbon Project
Simplified Global Nitrous Oxide Budget Figure
Source: Global Carbon Project

Written by Peraphan Jittrapirom, Executive Director of GCP Tsukuba

The Global Carbon Project (GCP, Tsukuba office) organized a series of online events (two press briefing and two conferences) to disseminate the results of the recently published Global Nitrous Oxide Budget 2020 in Japan. The press briefing events attracted several representatives from the press and the two public forums attracted a total of 331 registered Japanese and international attendees from diverse sectors, such as industry, media, research institutions and university students.

The event was centered around the Global Nitrous Oxide Budget 2020, a research conducted by an international team of 70 scientists from 44 research organizations around the world under the umbrella of the GCP. The Nature scientific article, published on October 7th, reports on a continued increasing global N2O emission over the past four decades. The increase is primarily driven by human-induced emissions which has risen by 30% over the period. Overall, agricultural activities dominated the growth in the emissions with the use of Nitrogen fertilizers in agriculture including livestock manure production.

The online conference on October 29th brought together three GCP scientists from two Japanese (NIES and JAMSTEC) and one Chinese (Beijing University) organizations to elaborate on the results of the Global Nitrous Oxide budget and engage directly with the discussions. Three researchers and academics from Chiba University, Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences (NARO), and Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN) were also invited to join the panel to share their expertise.

The morning Japanese session begins with a presentation by Akihiko Ito (NIES) presenting the findings of the N2O budget report. Followed by presentations by Kentaro Hayashi (NARO) and Prof. Kazuyuki Inubushi (Chiba University) on Nitrogen induced by food production and consumption and Soil perspective – Processes and feasible mitigation. The panel discussion was moderated by Seita Emori, deputy Director of Center for Global Environmental Research (CGER-NIES). The lively discussion and Q&A session was joined by Nobuko Saigusa, Director of CGER-NIES and Fumiko Kasuga, Japan Global Hub Director of Future Earth.

The afternoon English session began with Prabir Patra (JAMSTEC) provided the highlighted findings, and implication of the budgets and Associated Prof. Feng Zhou (Beijing University) presented Global cropland-N2O emissions and mitigation potentials. Kentaro Hayashi (NARO) and Prof. Kazuyuki Inubushi (Chiba University) shared their insights on Nitrogen and Soil to the audience, followed by a thought-provoking presentation by Associated Prof. Steven R. McGreevy (RIHN) on the transitioning to 1.5-degree food systems. The panel discussion was joined by Giles Sioen, Research Associated (NIES) and Interim Lead Research and Innovation of Future Earth and moderated by Peraphan Jittrapirom, Executive Director of GCP Tsukuba.

Additional Information

  • Event video recording (YouTube)

Morning Japanese session

Afternoon English session 

  • Press release material and video of the briefing session

–  Press release materials

Press briefing in Japanese

Press briefing in English

  • Publication and data

– Tian et al. (2020) A comprehensive quantification of global nitrous oxide sources and sinks. Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2780-0

Nitrous Oxide Budget Data